Before becoming America's 28th state on December 29, 1845, Texas was its own independent country for nearly a decade. However, earning its freedom was not an easy task. Texas and its people fought several bloody battles to win their independence from Mexico on March 2, 1836. To this day, Texans celebrate Texas Independence Day to honor the sacrifices of the many men who gave their lives to the fight for independence. Read on to learn about this unique holiday, its history, and its place in Texas' cultural heritage.
What is the History of Texas Independence?
In 1821, Mexico won its independence from Spain. At that point, its northern regions remained largely empty save for a small population of Tejanos, a group of settlers of Spanish and Native American descent. In an effort to colonize the area, Mexico provided economic incentives for Americans to settle in what is now known as Texas. Throughout the 1820s, Stephen F. Austin would bring more than 300 families to the Brazos River. Eventually, the hordes of Anglo-Americans would clash with the newly formed Mexican government.
After years of rising conflict, the Texas revolution would officially begin in 1835 with the battle of Gonzales. The conflict began when Mexico's dictator, Santa Anna, attempted to retake a cannon gifted for the city's defense. The Texans fought back, challenging their rivals to "come and take it," thus birthing the famous Gonzales flag. After their loss, Mexico's army retreated to San Antonio.
The Origin of "Remember the Alamo"
Unfortunately for Texans, the battle of Gonzales was only the beginning of their fight for independence. In March 1836, a small number of Texans gathered at the Alamo to ward off Mexican troops. Despite being outnumbered at least 10 to 1, they held off the army for 12 days.
While the battle raged on, a small delegation of Texans met at Washington-on-the Brazos. On March 2, they issued the Texas Declaration of Independence, officially establishing the Republic of Texas. Four days later, Mexico defeated the Texans at the Alamo, leaving only a few women and children as survivors.
Although the Texas Army lost the battle, they would eventually defeat Mexico. Six weeks later, under the command of Sam Houston, the Texas army surprised Santa Anna's troops at San Jacinto. Using the "Remember the Alamo" battle cry, the Texans defeated the Mexican army, captured Santa Anna, and ended the war.
Why Does Texas Celebrate Texas Independence Day?
The United States annexed the Republic of Texas in 1845, making it the 28th state to join the union. Despite its short time as an independent country, the Republic of Texas still holds a unique place in American history. Texas Independence Day allows citizens to honor all the brave soldiers who gave their lives to protect the state's independence during the Battle of the Alamo and San Jacinto. It also allows locals to celebrate their state pride and everything uniquely Texan.
Other Texas Holidays Observed on March 2nd
Texas Independence Day is the only official state holiday celebrated on March 2nd. However, some also observe Texas State Flag Day and Sam Houston Day. The latter celebrates Sam Houston's birthday. In addition to leading the Texas army to victory in the battle of San Jacinto, Sam Houston served as the president of the Republic of Texas and was instrumental in helping it join the union.
Celebrate Texas Independence Day with a Stunning Texas State Flag
There is no better way to celebrate Texas Independence Day than with a fresh Texas flag. While the colors of the lone star state flag are identical to the American flag, each color symbolizes something different. Blue stands for loyalty, red for bravery, and white for purity. The single white star on the flag's left-hand side symbolizes the unity of Texas and its people.
You can purchase the Texas state flag in various sizes and fabric types at Carrot Top Industries. We sell outdoor Texas flags, indoor Texas flags, and mini Texas flags to fit your organization's needs. Those looking to buy large quantities of flags can take advantage of our bulk discounts.
Need help deciding which flag to buy? Don't hesitate to contact our Flag Pros! We have over 40 years of experience in flags and can help your organization order what it needs.